Location: Halebid, Karnataka
Built in: 12th century
Dedicated to: Lord Shiva
Attraction: Exquisite architecture
Hoysaleswara temple is a temple dedicated to Hindu god Shiva. It was built in Halebidu during the rule of King Vishnuvardhana of the Hoysala Empire in the 12th century. The construction was started around 1120 CE and completed in 1150 CE.
The plan of the inside of the temple is simple but the exterior looks different because of the introduction of many projections and recesses in the walls. The overall effect of the vertical and horizontal lines, the play of the outline, the effect of light and shade and the plan of the projections and recesses all amounts to a “marvellous exhibition of human labour to be found even in the patient east and surpasses anything in Gothic art”.
Ravana Lifting Mount Kailash
Ravana was returning to Lanka in the Pushpaka Vimana after defeating his step brother kubera, when he spotted a beautiful place. However, the chariot could not fly over it. Ravana met Nandi at this place and asked the reason behind his chariot’s inability to pass over the place. Nandi informed Ravana that his lord Shiva and Parvati were enjoying dalliance on the mountain and no one was allowed to pass. Ravana mocked Shiva and Nandi. Enraged by the insult to his lord, Nandi cursed Ravana that monkeys would destroy him. In turn, Ravana decided to uproot the mountain Kailash, infuriated by Nandi’s curse and his inability to proceed further. He put all his twenty arms under Kailash and started lifting it. As Kailash began to shake, a terrified Parvati embraced Shiva. However, the omniscient Shiva realized that Ravana was behind the menace and pressed the mountain into place with his big toe, trapping Ravana beneath it. Ravana gave a loud cry in pain. Advised by his ministers, Ravana sang hymns in praise of Shiva for a thousand years. Finally, Shiva not only forgave Ravana but also granted him an invincible sword. Since Ravana cried, he was given the name “Ravana” – one who cried.
Soldier watching sky with a telescope
The history of the telescope dates back to the early 1600s. Galileo Galilei is commonly credited for inventing the telescope, But we used it centuries back. interesting right?
Rama penetrates 7 trees in a row with 1 arrow.
Sugriva is very scared of Vali and he is full of doubts that Rama could kill him. He tells him many incredible stories of Vali’s power. As proof, he shows Rama a hole in a saal tree which Vali had made in one shot. When it is Rama’s turn, he penetrates 7 trees of saal in a row with 1 arrow. After going through the trees, the arrow even makes a strike on a huge rock and splits it into pieces.
Carvings on the wall.
The Hoysaleswara temple is most well known for its sculptures that run all along the outer wall. In all there are two hundred and forty such images. No other Hoysala temple is as articulate and these sculptures are “second to none in all of India”. The temple of Halebidu, has been described as an “outstanding example of Hindu architectuare” and as the “supreme climax of Indian architecture”.
There are shops outside of the temple selling stone sculptures and souvenirs which you can buy for less price.