PADMAVYUHA

Hoysaleshwara” is a temple built in 12th century by King Vishnuvardhana. This temple is dedicated to Hindu god Shiva. It was built in Halebidu (Karnataka state, India).
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This temple has many carving in it. It is difficult to say which is the best. One of many highlights Padmavyuha is much more interesting because of the story behind in it.
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The Chakravyuh/Padmavyuh, is a multi-tier defensive lotus-like formation, used by Dronacharya. The formation is likened to a blooming lotus, since when viewed from the top, the warriors at each interleaving position would be in an increasingly tough position to fight. Padmavyuha was not created by the kauravas for Abhimanyu alone.

When Dronacharya took over command of the kaurava army, he promised Duryodhana that he will capture Yudhistra alive. Even though he tried his best for two days, he could not carry out his promise, mainly  because Arjuna thwarted all his attempts. Therefore Drona hatched a ploy to drag Arjuna to a far corner of the battle field, by getting a group of warriors to openly challenge him individually to fight which Arjuna could not refuse as per the kshatriya dharma.

Only a few exclusive Pandava warriors, namely, Abhimanyu, Arjuna, Krishna, Aniruddha and Pradyumna, knew how to lead an offensive against it. However to the Pandavas disappointment, Aniruddha and Pradyumna did not participate in the Mahabharata war. Additionally, Arjuna’s son Abhimanyu knew how to penetrate the Padmavyuha but not how to exit the formation. He learned the techniques to enter the formation when he was still inside the womb of his mother, Subhadra asince her Husband, Arjuna was discussing the formation and its conquest with her. Ironically, Subhadra fell asleep while Arjuna was explaining, and Arjuna was called away by Krishna for the Khandava forest extermination in the middle of his lesson. Thus, Arjuna could not finish explaining Subhadra how to escape the Padmavyuha.
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As soon as Abhimanyu entered the Chakravyuha, the other Pandav brothers were blocked from entering the Vyuha by Jayadratha. Abhimanyu was inside the Vyuha and he didn’t know the way out. This didn’t stop Abhimanyu from creating havoc and till he was inside the Chakravyuha, he fought at his best successfully defeated great warriors. He was just 16 years old when Abhimanyu entered Chakravyuha.
Consequently, Abhimanyu was unaware how to escape from the Padmavyuha. He was thus killed, Kurukshetra War trying to break free from the Padmavyuha. Mahabharata also has references wherein the rules of war were broken by Kauravas to kill Abhimanyu. After Abhimanyu penetrated the sixth tier of spiral formation, all the Kaurava warriors attacked him in unison, though the main killer was Jayadratha. It was against the rules of Dharmayuddha, which stated that multiple warriors should not attack a single warrior.

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